Wildlife Conservation Society: Library & Archives

Hornaday Wildlife Conservation Scrapbooks

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Volume 1: Documentary History of the Creation of the Elk River Game Preserve (formerly Goat Mt. Park), British Columbia, 1906-1909

William T. Hornaday’s passion for the area known as Goat Mountain Park, in the East Kootenai District of British Columbia, was sparked by a vacation he took there in August 1905 with his friend, John M. Phillips. A mine executive from Pittsburgh,…

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Volume 2: The Founding of Two National Bison Herds, 1906-1911 (bulk 1908)

Bison once roamed North America in numbers greater than 20 million. However, by the late nineteenth century, the mass slaughter of bison with the settlement of the American West brought the species to the brink of extinction. In 1889, following upon…

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Volume 3: Game Protection, 1911-1929 (bulk 1911-1917)

Where the majority of Hornaday’s scrapbooks focus on a single subject among his wildlife campaigns (volume 1 on the creation of the Elk River preserve, for instance, or volume 2 on the founding of the national bison herds), volume 3 covers several…

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Volume 4: The Saving of the Fur Seal Industry, 1909-1912. Part I, 1890-1930 (bulk 1903-1912)

When William T. Hornaday joined in the fight to protect the Northern fur seal, he entered a decades-old battle concerning the overhunting of the species on and near the Pribilof Islands. Located 300 miles off the west coast of Alaska, the Pribilof…

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Volume 5: The Saving of the Fur Seal Industry, 1909-1912. Part II, 1910-1935 (bulk 1910-1912)

When William T. Hornaday joined in the fight to protect the Northern fur seal, he entered a decades-old battle concerning the overhunting of the species on and near the Pribilof Islands. Located 300 miles off the west coast of Alaska, the Pribilof…

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Volume 6: The Saving of the Fur Seal Industry, 1909-1912. Part III, 1894-1930 (bulk 1910)

When William T. Hornaday joined in the fight to protect the Northern fur seal, he entered a decades-old battle concerning the overhunting of the species on and near the Pribilof Islands. Located 300 miles off the west coast of Alaska, the Pribilof…

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Volume 7: Documentary History of Making Game Sanctuaries in National Forests, 1915-1928 (bulk 1915)

Volume 7 documents Hornaday’s campaign to create wildlife sanctuaries in national forests. The “Hornaday Plan for Game Increase,” as it was known, launched in 1915 as the first official cause of Hornaday’s Permanent Wild Life Protection Fund.…

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Volume 8: Louisiana Gulf Coast Club, circa 1921-1929 (bulk 1923)

Volume 8 documents Hornaday’s campaign against the Louisiana Gulf Coast Club, a private hunting club developed by Edward Avery McIlhenny. By the time he proposed the Club in 1922, McIlhenny (son of Tabasco sauce inventor Edmund McIlhenny) was…

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Volume 9: Bag Limit War, 1916-1931

Volume 9 concerns Hornaday’s campaign throughout the 1920s for reductions in both bag limits and open seasons on waterfowl. Dubbed the “Bag Limit War” by Hornaday, the campaign followed upon the passage of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918…

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Volume 10: Campaign Documents: Norbeck Sanctuary Bill, Bag Limit Bill, Wholesale Poisoning, 1927-1930

Volume 10 continues on the subject covered in volume 9, Hornaday’s campaign to reduce both bag limits and open seasons on waterfowl. Like volume 9, it was compiled with the assistance of Edith Helen Franz, and it also contains clippings,…

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